liver transplantation

Liver Transplantation is suggested in the case of Liver Failure. It is a surgical procedure in which the whole liver or a part of the liver is transplanted into the patient’s body to save him from the life-threatening medical condition.

Liver transplantation is usually done when other medical treatment cannot keep a damaged liver functioning. About 80 – 90 % of people survive liver transplantation.

Why get Liver Transplantation done?

The liver produces bile to help in digestion as well as a lot of vital nutrients, enzymes, and hormone from the food we eat. If it stops functioning completely, it needs to be transplanted. There are many factors that make it non-functional:

  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Alcoholic liver disease
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
  • Biliary duct atresia
  • Early-stage liver cancer
  • Hemochromatosis
  • Wilson's disease
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC)
  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC)

How Liver Transplant is conducted?

The liver is the only internal organ in the body capable of regenerating itself. As small as 25 percent of the healthy liver can grow into a fully-functional liver. This regenerative property of the liver is the ground for live donor liver transplantation. A part of a liver from a healthy person is placed in the body of the patient and then it regenerates itself into a well-functioning organ in the body of both donor and receiver.

It can also be obtained from a dead person. Majority of the Liver Transplant surgeries are done by taking it from a deceased as it is hard to find a good match along with right age, size and health of the donor.

Post Liver Transplantation

After the surgery, you have to stay in the intensive care unit for a few days in the close monitoring of doctors and nurses. You are discharged after you get stable. You have to make some frequent visits to the hospital to get health check-ups done along with some blood tests.

You have to be on life-time mediations as immunosuppressant would prevent your immune system from attacking the new organ and other drugs would reduce the risk of complications.

This medical advancement is a boon for the people suffering from liver failure as it enables them to get back to their normal life. Millions of people have taken the advantage of Liver Transplant in India thereby living a healthy and happy life.

Types of Liver Transplant

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